Monday, 10 February 2014 19:11

Digital TV Transformation in Myanmar

Written by 
Digital TV Transformation in Myanmar Digital TV Transformation in Myanmar Yozzo
Myanmar has adopted DVB-T2 as the national digital terrestrial broadcasting standard and is following the digital transformation according to ITU’s guidelines and Myanmar's National Digital Broadcasting Committee (MNDBC)

Television service in Myanmar was first introduced in 1979 as a test trial in Yangon. On 3 June 1980 Myanmar Radio & Television (MRTV) was launched and regular television service formally began in 1981. Today there are four TV Broadcasters in Myanmar.

Myanmar Radio & Television (MRTV) is National Broadcaster under the Ministry of Information (MOI), broadcasting TV nationwide, with the 233-retransmitting stations, which can cover 92.3% of the population. The existing analog system is NTSC-M (3.58 MHz color system). Most of the remote station are using VHF band and only a few are UHF band.
Myawaddy Television (MWD) is under the Ministry of Defense. Broadcasting via DVB-T system since Nov 2011. MWD are transmitting at 13 high power station and can cover up to 60% of the population. They broadcast six Free to Air channels. MWD controls their set-top Boxes, which means not every set-top Box sold in Myanmar can receive their FTA signal.
MRTV-4 is jointly operated by MRTV and Forever Group Co., Ltd. MRTV-4 and associated channels started DVB-T in 2005. They are running a subscription based system (Pay TV). About 50 channels are broadcasting in Yangon and 10 channels in 28 remote stations. Forever Group has launched 8 HD and 16 SD programs in Yangon using two DVB-T2 transmitters.
Sky Net TV is jointly operated by MRTV & Shwe Than Lwin Co., Ltd. This is a Direct To Home (DTH) Multiplay service system, transmitting over 60 channels. DTH was started at 2011.


Digital Broadcasting Transition

MRTV as a National Broadcaster, is following the digital transformation according to ITU’s guidelines and Myanmar's National Digital Broadcasting Committee (MNDBC).
In 2006, MNDBC recommended DVB-T as the national digital terrestrial broadcasting standard, which was subsequently approved by the government on October 2, 2008. In 2012, the MNDBC finalized to recommend DVB-T2 to replace DVB-T as the national digital terrestrial broadcasting standard in lieu with the ASEAN Digital Switch-Over
In the initial state, the On Air transmission standard was MPEG-4 SD.
Date for nationwide analogue switch off (ASO) is 31 Dec 2020 (tentative) and the Ministry of Information is responsible for the ASO.


Digital Switch Over Plan

  • Phase 1: As a pilot project (3 KW) TX starting in: Yangon, Naypyitaw and Sagaing Dec 2013.
  • Phase 2: Year 2013-2014: 20 Stations
  • Phase 3: Year 2014-2015: 110 Stations
  • Phase 4: Year 2015-2016: 117 Stations
In total 250 Stations. Out of those, 25 are high power stations, the rest are low power.


Transmission Plan

No. of Stations  Simulcasting Period (Analog & Digital) Analogue Switch Off
3 Stations 2014 - December 2015 January, 2016
20 Stations 2015 - December 2016 January, 2017
110 Stations 2016 - December 2017 January, 2018
117 Stations 2017 - December 2018 January, 2019


Video: DVBT-2: Myanmar's Digitalization Broadcasting Process

Video: MITV

Yozzo is a Telecom Consulting Firm, based in Bangkok, Thailand. The company specializes in MVNO, Devices, Media & Broadcasting - mostly, but not limited to ASEAN. 


Yozzo on Google PlusLinkedInyozzo on twitter  yozzo-slidehare Yozzo on YouTube


Related items

  • Samsung Galaxy J2 DTV with digital TV receiver
    Samsung’s new 2016 Galaxy J2 (SM-J200BT) which is currently only available in the Philippines, comes with a built-in digital TV receiver.
  • Big blow to Digital TV on mobile devices, as Siano is put into receivership
    Siano Mobile Silicon, who enables mobile devices to receive digital TV, went into receivership last month after burning through $112 mio of capital. Siano along with i-mobile, launched the world’s first DVB-T2 smartphone and tablet in 2014.
  • Tough year ahead for Digital TV in Thailand
    Although Thailand’s Broadcasting Commission (NBTC) handed out 13.5 million free digital TV coupons to Thai households in 2014 and 2015, only 8.5 million redeemed the coupons.
  • Seminar - Delivery Technologies and Business Models for Mobile TV Services
    Delivery Technologies and Business Models for Mobile Television Services, is a regional seminar jointly organized by Thailand’s National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC) and the International Telecommunication Union Asia-Pacific (ITU)
  • Smart Classroom of Tomorrow - Today
    In the remote areas of Thailand, schools often face Internet connectivity issues. Quality of educational process depends on continuous and bidirectional communication. Without connectivity and communication, the learning approach reverts to the old model of independent study, in which the students becomes autonomous and isolated, and tends to drops out.